Delluc, Louis

(1890-1924)
   Director, film critic, and screenwriter. Louis Delluc suffered his entire life from ill health. He was a bookish boy and pursued his studies with the intention of attending the prestigious École Normale Supérieure in Paris. He was also an avid writer and seemed to have literary ambitions from quite a young age. At the age of fifteen, he published a volume of poetry titled Les Chansons du jeune temps, and he would ultimately write a number of novels, some of which were published during his lifetime and some posthumously. Interestingly, at least as a young man, he disliked the cinema, although he was an avid follower of the theater.
   All that changed in 1915, it seems, when he met the actress Eve Francis, whom Delluc would marry in 1918. She reportedly took him to see Cecil B. DeMille's The Cheat (1916), which apparently changed Delluc's entire vision of cinema. Suddenly taken with the power of cinema, he became a convert and began writing film criticism in publications like Le Film and Paris-Midi. He also launched film journals of his own, including Cinéa in 1921. The journal is regarded as one of the first to engage in an intellectual criticism of the cinema, and the critics who wrote for the journal, including Jean Epstein, are considered the first generation of film scholars.
   For his own part, Delluc was an advocate of an impressionist cinema, a cinema less preoccupied with constructing a story than with transmitting its message through more subtle sensory and psychological means. When he began to make films in 1919, after he demobilized from military service, he put his theories into practice on-screen. He made eight films before his death, Le Chemin d'Ernoa (1919), Le Silence (1920), Fumée noire (1920), Fièvre (1921), Le Chemin d'Ernoa (1921), Le Tonnere (1921), La Femme de nulle part (1922), and L'Inondation (1924). Francis is the lead actress in all of Delluc's films. Of these, without a doubt, Fièvre (1921) and La Femme de nulle part (1922) are considered the greatest, but all of the films have retained classic standing in the French film cannon.
   In addition to his own films, other filmmakers adapted some of Delluc's writings for the cinema. Germaine Dulac, whose filmmaking style is often said to have influenced Delluc's own, made La Fête espagnole (1920) from a Delluc screenplay. And Alberto Cavalcanti adapted Le Train sans yeux (1927) for the screen. Delluc is probably better known for the prize that bears his name, the Prix Louis-Del-luc, than for his writings or his films.

Historical Dictionary of French Cinema. . 2007.

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  • Delluc, Louis — (1890 1924)    Director, film critic, and screenwriter. Louis Delluc suffered his entire life from ill health. He was a bookish boy and pursued his studies with the intention of attending the prestigious École Normale Supérieure in Paris. He was… …   Guide to cinema

  • Delluc, Louis — • ДЕЛЛЮ К (Delluc) Луи (14.10.1890 22.3.1924)    франц. режиссёр, сценарист, теоретик кино. С 20 лет стал заниматься журналистикой, писал романы. Теоретич. взгляды Д. послужили основой эстетич. поисков и экспериментов во франц. кино 20 х гг. Д.… …   Кино: Энциклопедический словарь

  • Delluc, Louis — (October 14, 1890, Cadouin, Dordogne, France March 22, 1924, Paris, France)    He settled in Paris at age fifteen to complete his secondary studies but dropped out of high school to become a journalist in 1909. In 1910, he published his first… …   Encyclopedia of French film directors

  • Delluc — Louis Delluc (* 14. Oktober 1890 in Cadouin; † 22. März 1924 in Paris; eigentlich Louis Jean René Delluc) war ein französischer Filmregisseur, Drehbuchautor, Schriftsteller, Filmkritiker und Filmtheoretiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Biografie …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Louis Delluc — (* 14. Oktober 1890 in Cadouin; † 22. März 1924 in Paris; eigentlich Louis Jean René Delluc) war ein französischer Filmregisseur, Drehbuchautor, Schriftsteller, Filmkritiker und Filmtheoretiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Biografie …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • DELLUC (L.) — DELLUC LOUIS (1890 1924) Essayiste, romancier, dramaturge, cinéaste, Louis Delluc fut l’un des pionniers de la première avant garde cinématographique française des années vingt. On opposait alors communément et non sans quelque goût de polémique… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Delluc — (Louis) (1890 1924) cinéaste français: Fièvre (1921). Ses écrits (Cinéma et C ie, 1919) ont fondé la critique cinématographique. Depuis 1936, un prix Louis Delluc est annuellement décerné à un film français …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Louis Delluc — Données clés Naissance 14 octobre 1890 Cadouin  France Nationalité …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Louis Malle — Données clés Naissance 30 octobre 1932 Thumeries, France Nationalité Française Décès 23  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Delluc —   [dɛ lyk], Louis, französischer Filmregisseur, * Cadouin (Département Dordogne) 14. 10. 1890, ✝ Paris 22. 3. 1924; gründete einen der ersten Filmklubs, erster bedeutender Filmkritiker (nach ihm benannt der 1937 gestiftete, jährlich verliehene… …   Universal-Lexikon

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